Sustainable Tourism

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Tourism has become an undeniable economic lever and a real vector of development for many countries. Indeed, this sector attracts foreign exchange currency and contributes to the equilibrium of the balance of payments, creates direct and indirect jobs, improve incomes and generate multiple effects on the rest of the sectors of the economy and related services (e.g crafts, commerce, etc.).

The challenge is to maximize the positive contribution of the sector to local economies, thus reconciling between social and economic development and resource conservation at the large sense including the natural and cultural, tangible and intangible heritage.
In other words, tourism development should reach the right balance between the three pillars of sustainability by:

  •  Optimally exploiting the resources of the environment;
  •  Respecting the cultural authenticity of host communities;
  • Providing socio-economic benefits to all stakeholders.

There are many definitions of Sustainable Tourism, which are ultimately all pretty consistent.
According to the World Tourism Organization (OMT) "The guiding principles of sustainable development and sustainable tourism management practices are applicable to all forms of tourism in all types of destinations, including mass tourism and the various tourism opportunities. Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural development of tourism. To ensure long-term sustainability of the latter, we must strike the right balance between these three aspects."
Sustainable Tourism is also characterized by long-term vision that it adopts regarding its evolution and its various impacts (social, cultural, economic ...) on the host communities. It requires the effective involvement of multiple stakeholders in order to fully achieve its objectives.